Thank you, Mr. Luo. Now the floor is open to questions. Please identify your media outlet before raising questions.
We all know that China first began providing foreign aid to friendly neighboring countries. What assistance did China provide those countries in their fight against COVID-19? What has been achieved? Thank you.
That's a very good question, thank you. China started providing foreign aid to neighboring countries 71 years ago. In 1950, a Chinese military advisory group was sent to Vietnam to assist the country in its fight against the French invasion, and the Chinese People's Volunteers (CPV) army entered the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) in the war to resist U.S. aggression and aid Korea.
During the past 71 years, the "neighborhood" has always been the top priority for China's diplomacy. It is often said that it is difficult for China to remain peaceful and secure unless its neighbors are secure. Neighborhood is the foundation for our livelihood, development and prosperity, and our privileged direction in building a community with a shared future for mankind. Since the outbreak of COVID-19 last year, neighboring countries have lent helping hands to China, a testament to the verses "Miles apart but close at heart." The prime minister of Cambodia and Pakistan's president paid special visits to China, and Mongolian president donated 30,000 sheep as a token of support to Wuhan city. A 10-year-old Mongolian child studying in China donated 999 yuan ($156) to Wuhan city and another two areas of China which were relatively seriously affected, expressing support for China's COVID-19 epidemic fight. We are all deeply moved by the kindness. There is a Chinese saying: "A favor of a drop of water should be repaid with a surging spring." Since the outbreak of the pandemic, the international community, including neighboring countries, has provided valuable support, and of course, we should return the favor. Thanks to the leadership of President Xi Jinping, and under the coordination of the Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism of the State Council and the direct command of State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi, China's Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Commerce and the National Health Commission have proactively coordinated and launched timely humanitarian aid. We have done the following work.
First, meeting urgent needs. Emergency relief demands urgent action. Although providing foreign aid has its own procedures, we have to handle urgent and difficult cases with creative thinking and special measures. At the end of April, South and Southeast Asia saw a resurgence of COVID-19 cases due to the Delta variant. China launched an emergency plan to support neighboring countries fighting the pandemic. To overcome difficulties such as shortages of goods and production schedules, we donated emergency supplies including oxygen cylinders, as well as oxygen generators and ventilators to Nepal, Afghanistan, Laos, Cambodia, Myanmar, Sri Lanka and other countries. Within several days, we sent a team of medical experts to Laos and delivered anti-epidemic materials to Nepal.
Second, providing various support. Since the outbreak of COVID-19, China has supported neighboring countries in their fight against the pandemic through numerous means, such as donating medical supplies and vaccines, sending medical experts, holding online meetings, and setting up reserves of anti-epidemic materials in South Asia. Ever since China achieved notable success in slowing the spread of the virus, we have gained invaluable experience and time for the world and didn't disappoint neighboring countries. So far, China has donated multiple batches of anti-epidemic materials and more than 80 million doses of vaccines to neighboring countries and regions, especially sending out groups of vaccine experts over 10 times while holding over a thousand of video conferences to share our experience and trained foreign medical staff, which had direct beneficial effects.
Third, moving the anti-pandemic barrier forward. Since last year, Ruili, a China-Myanmar border city in southwest China's Yunnan province, has been closed three times due to the pandemic. We have worked with domestic departments and Myanmar's government to donate anti-epidemic materials and vaccines to northern Myanmar. By establishing an effective mechanism to curb any cross-border spread of the virus, the epidemic in northern Myanmar has been controlled, and China's approach to preventing the coronavirus from entering the country and stemming a domestic resurgence has been guaranteed, with benefits that extend into anti-epidemic, diplomatic and political areas.
Fourth, strengthening good neighborliness. China's emergency aid to neighboring countries is still underway. A friend in need is a friend indeed. China's timely and efficient assistance, first, has played an important role in helping relevant countries control the pandemic, protect people's lives and reduce property losses. Second, it has contributed to domestic epidemic prevention and control. Third, it has enhanced traditional and people-to-people friendship between China and neighboring countries. Fourth, it is in sharp contrast to the indifference of some major countries towards epidemic control in other countries. We are glad to see that many foreign political leaders attended the handover ceremony of China's donations at the airport. Some leaders took the lead in receiving Chinese vaccines, and a lot of foreign media outlets praised Chinese vaccines as "timely rain." During the past two years, we've often worked overtime and met extraordinary situations with extraordinary perseverance, receiving recognition from both leaders and society. Thank you.